Home » Topic » Hydrocoele

What is a hydrocoele?
How is it caused?
What are the symptoms?
How is the condition diagnosed?
What is the treatment?
Sun,18 Jan 2004 05:30:00 +0530
Written by : DoctorNDTV Team
Checked by : Dr MM Kapur
Consultant Surgeon,
New Delhi
  • What is a hydrocoele?
    Sun,18 Jan 2004 05:30:00
    A hydrocoele is an accumulation of fluid around a testicle on one or both sides.
  • How is it caused?
    Sun,18 Jan 2004 05:30:00
    A hydrocoele results when fluid accumulates between the two layers covering the testes. Most often there is no cause found. Hydrocoeles can also develop as a result of injury or infection. It may sometimes accompany other problems such as chronic infections or the presence of a tumour in the testicle.
  • What are the symptoms?
    Sun,18 Jan 2004 05:30:00
  • An enlarged scrotum on one or both sides.
  • A bulging area within the groin.
  • The condition is usually painless, although sometimes it may cause a dragging sensation or mild pain.
  • How is the condition diagnosed?
    Sun,18 Jan 2004 05:30:00
    Physical examination by the doctor reveals a non-tender mass within the two layers of the sac around the testes. The fluid in a hydrocoele is clear. A bright light from a torch shone through the scrotum indicates the presence of clear fluid (a process called transillumination). An ultrasound may be done to confirm the diagnosis.
  • What is the treatment?
    Sun,18 Jan 2004 05:30:00
    Surgical treatment is recommended if:
    • A hydrocoele that was present at birth remains after the child has reached the age of one year.
    • It causes pain and discomfort due to its size and is not resolving.
    • Swelling increases and decreases (suggesting that the opening is big enough to allow fluid to flow freely back and forth between the area of the hydrocoele and the abdominal cavity.
    In adults, a hydrocoele can be treated by a process called needle aspiration (a thin needle is used to withdraw the fluid). After this, the chance of recurrence of a hydrocoele is quite high. Another aspiration technique involves removing the fluid and then injecting thickening or hardening medications such as tetracycline, sodium tetradecyl sulphate, or urea to close off the lining of the scrotal sac and prevent reaccumulation of the fluid.

    Surgery (Hydrocoelectomy) is the most common form of treatment. This procedure is done under general or spinal anaesthesia. There can be possible complications of surgery which include haematoma (blood clot formation), abscess or injury to the scrotal tissues. Hydrocoelectomy does not however affect sperm or hormone production of the testicles.
  • ................... Advertisement ...................




    Using 0 of 1024 Possible characters
    Choose Topic

    Latest stories

    Meghalaya Gets Its First AMRIT Pharmacy

    Fri, 22 Sep 2017 11:00:29 IST
    A first of its kind in Meghalaya, the Affordable Medicines and Retail Implants for Treatment (AMRIT) Pharmacy was inaugrated on Thursday by the State Health Minister Roshan Warjri, at a Civil Hospital in Shillong.

    Woman Gives Birth To 'Miracle Twins' Naturally, Discharges Self Hours Later

    Thu, 21 Sep 2017 14:30:15 IST
    Apparently she had no idea that she was giving birth to twins and then the natural delivery of the kids made the doctors describe it as "miraculous". The kids are joined at the abdomen and share an umbilical cord. Doctors say that they "desperately need surgery".

    Shocking Rise In Premature Baby Deaths, Reveals Study

    Thu, 21 Sep 2017 12:33:03 IST
    There has been a tremendous rise in the number of neonatal deaths in connection with premature births and babies with low-birthweight over the period of past 15 years even though the country has witnessed decline in early deaths from infections, according to health officials.

    Hyderabad: Senior Doctor Attacked At Gandhi Hospital, 250 Juniors Boycott Duties

    Thu, 21 Sep 2017 11:30:47 IST
    Doctors tried to save him but he succumbed to the attack, post which, his family attacked the doctors saying that they did not pay much attention to the patient.

    Woman Revived After 30 Minutes Of Death!

    Thu, 21 Sep 2017 10:30:16 IST
    She suffered a cardiac arrest just before the surgery began and it was no less than a miracle when the doctors were able to revive her 30 minutes after she suffered a cardiac arrest.