To maintain continuous neutralisation of gastric acid
To minimize acid secretion
To reduce mechanical, chemical and thermal irritation to the lining of the stomach
Energy: patients suffering from peptic ulcers are undernourished and therefore, need an increased energy intake. In case of patients at bed rest, the energy needs for activity are not utilised and make up the extra needs.
Proteins: A high protein diet is advised as this promotes healing. Proteins also have a buffering action. Though milk protein has a good buffering action, the high calcium content of milk stimulates acid production. A high milk intake delays the healing of the ulcers and thus milk should be used in moderation. Eggs and other high protein foods can be included to meet the requirements.
Fat: Fat should be used in moderate amounts. Emulsified fats like butter, cream etc. are better tolerated.
Carbohydrates: Carbohydrates are used to meet the energy needs. Foods containing harsh and irritating fibre should be avoided.
Sample diet plan
Suji kheer Boiled egg / scrambled egg Bread
Dal and vegetable khichri Ghia raita / potato raita
Banana milk shake Bread and butter or jam / plain cake / paneer or cheese