Home » Topic » Osteoporosis
 

 
What is osteoporosis?
What are the causes of osteoporosis?
How is it diagnosed?
How is it treated?
 
Sat,27 Mar 2004 05:30:00 +0530
Written by : DoctorNDTV Team
Checked by :
 
  • What is osteoporosis?
    Sat,27 Mar 2004 05:30:00
    One in every four women and one in every eight men over 50 years of age, has osteoporosis. It is believed that Asians are at a high risk of developing osteoporosis and an estimated 6.1 crore Indians are affected by this disease.

    Osteoporosis is a disease resulting in thinning and weakening of bones making them more likely to break. The bones in the body constantly go through a process whereby bone is absorbed and new bone is laid down. With age, this balance is disturbed, and while bone continues to get absorbed, new bone is not laid down at the same speed. This loss of bone material starts in the late thirties and becomes marked in women after menopause. The process may go unnoticed till a bone breaks.
  • What are the causes of osteoporosis?
    Sat,27 Mar 2004 05:30:00
    Many factors contribute to the development of osteoporosis. Some of these are:

  • A family history of the disease
  • Women after menopause
  • Smoking
  • Drinking coffee or alcohol excessively
  • Eating a diet poor in calcium
  • Poor physical activity
  • Asian population
  • Thin, small build
  • Medical diseases like thyroid or liver diseases
  • Drugs like steroids, medicines for fits or thyroid diseases
  • How is it diagnosed?
    Sat,27 Mar 2004 05:30:00
    Usually the first suspicion comes when a bone breaks. Some patients who have backache may, on testing, show evidence of osteoporosis. If there has been a loss of height or stooping due to curving of the spine, it may suggest osteoporosis. The diagnosis may require some tests like blood tests to measure calcium and phosphorus. X-rays show evidence of osteoporosis only when the disease is advanced. Early changes may be picked up by a bone density test.
  • How is it treated?
    Sat,27 Mar 2004 05:30:00
    The best way is to prevent osteoporosis. Women who are approaching menopause should consult their doctor regarding starting hormone replacement therapy. A healthy diet with plenty of calcium and vitamin D is prescribed. Calcium tablets and oral vitamin D preparations may be given if the oral intake is inadequate. Routine exercises are recommended.

    Medicines are now available that effectively reverse this process of excessive bone absorption. These include biphosphonates like etidronate and alandronate, and calcitonin. Women need to be put on oestrogen replacement therapy. However, treatment with oestrogens is not without problems and newer drugs like raloxifene are being used which have the beneficial properties of oestrogens without the adverse effects.
  • ................... Advertisement ...................

       

    FAQ

    ASK OUR EXPERTS

    Using 0 of 1024 Possible characters
    Choose Topic

    Latest stories

    World Pharmacists Day 2017: A Brief History of Pharmacy And Pharmacists In India

    Mon, 25 Sep 2017 20:00:16 IST
    September 25th is observed as the World Pharmacists Day every year. Here's a brief history of how the profession of pharmacy and pharmacists came into being in India.

    Once World’s Heaviest Woman, Eman Ahmed Dies In Abu Dhabi

    Mon, 25 Sep 2017 18:30:17 IST
    Eman Ahmed Abd El Aty, once known as the world's heaviest woman, died at the Burjee Hospital in Abu Dhabi on Monday. She hailed from Egypt and weighed approximately 500 kg.

    Sexual Harassment By Coworkers Causes More Severe Depression

    Mon, 25 Sep 2017 17:30:18 IST
    Employees who are sexually harassed by work colleagues may develop more severe symptoms of depression than those who experience harassment by clients or customers, a study has found.

    Smartphone Apps To Cure Depression?

    Mon, 25 Sep 2017 16:30:18 IST
    From connecting us to the world, giving us important information from all the corners to entertaining us, smartphones today pretty much sort our lives out. But what if we told you that your handy little device can also help treat serious mental problems as such depression?

    Multi-Gene Test May Better Predict Who Will Suffer From Dementia

    Mon, 25 Sep 2017 15:30:38 IST
    A new test that combines the effects of over two dozen gene mutations - which individually lead to only a small increased risk of Alzheimer's disease - can better predict who will suffer from dementia or cognitive decline, scientists say.