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Objectives
Type of carbohydrate and amount of fibre
Sample diet plan (for NIDDM)
Sample diet plan (for IDDM)
To remember
Foods to be avoided
Foods to be restricted
Foods to be used freely
 
Wed,03 Aug 2011 17:06:11 +0530
Written by : DoctorNDTV Team
Checked by :
 
  • Objectives
    Wed,03 Aug 2011 17:06:11
    • To maintain adequate nutrition
    • To achieve and maintain desirable body weight
    • To maintain normal blood sugar levels
    • To prevent, delay or minimize the onset of chronic degenerative complications
    Diet plays an important role in the treatment of diabetes. The diet may be used alone or in combination with insulin injections or oral hypoglycaemic drugs.

    The diet plan of an individual is based on height, weight, age, sex, physical activity and nature of diabetes. One should consider the following points while planning a diabetic diet:
    • Determining energy requirements
    • Determining the type of carbohydrates, fibre and food preparations
    • Presence of any other complication such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels etc.
    In case of insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, the energy intake is based on needs for normal growth and development, physical activity and maintenance of desirable body weight.

    In case of non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, the majority of patients are overweight or obese. Therefore, calorie restriction is required to achieve a desired weight.
  • Type of carbohydrate and amount of fibre
    Wed,03 Aug 2011 17:06:11
    More of carbohydrate must be given as complex starches rather than simple sugars as they breakdown more slowly to release glucose in blood. The presence of fibre in complex carbohydrate like grains, vegetables and other starches slows the glucose absorption. One should emphasise more on the high fibre foods instead of high fibre supplements available in the market.

    Food groups
    High fibre foods
    Low fibre foods
    Cereals
    Whole cereals like whole wheat, dalia, whole wheat flour
    Refined cereals like rice, bread, maida, suji, noodles, macaroni, etc
    Milk and milk products
    -
    Milk and milk products
    Pulses
    Whole dals and dals with husk
    Washed dals
    Meat, fish and poultry
    -
    Eggs, chicken, fish
    Vegetables
    Vegetables like peas, beans, lotus stem etc.
    Vegetables like potato, lauki etc.
    Fruits
    Fruits like apple, cherries, pears, peaches, plums, guava etc.
    Fruit juices and fruits like banana and papaya
    Fats
    -
    Fats
  • Sample diet plan (for NIDDM)
    Wed,03 Aug 2011 17:06:11
    Meal
    Menu
    Early morning
    Tea (preferably without sugar)
    Breakfast
    Dalia (salted)/ Paneer on toast
    Tea without sugar
    Apple
    Lunch
    2 chapatti
    Channa curry / or any other whole dal
    Beans sabzi / or any other sabzi (avoid potatoes)
    Curds / ghia raita
    Salad
    Tea
    Tea
    Salty biscuits
    Dinner
    Vegetable soup / tomato soup / chicken soup
    2 chapatti / missi roti (combining wheat flour with channa flour and soya flour)
    Palak paneer sabzi / paneer bhurji
    Curds
  • Sample diet plan (for IDDM)
    Wed,03 Aug 2011 17:06:11
    Meal
    Menu
    Early morning
    Tea (without sugar)
    Breakfast
    Corn flakes
    Boiled egg
    Toast
    Mid-morning
    Fruit chat
    Lunch
    2 chapatti (add extra chapatti if required)
    Lobia curry / or any other whole dal
    Capsicum sabzi / karela / or any other sabzi
    Curds / raita
    Salad
    Tea
    Tea / milk
    Vegetable sandwich
    Dinner
    2 chapatti
    Dry dal
    Cabbage sabzi / or any other sabzi
    Salad
    Bed time
    Kheer / fruit custard
  • To remember
    Wed,03 Aug 2011 17:06:11
    • It is important to control the amount and time of food intake.
    • Meals should not be missed.
    • Consider the likes and dislikes of the patient.
    • Try to substitute the craving for sweet by taking some fruit.
  • Foods to be avoided
    Wed,03 Aug 2011 17:06:11
    Glucose, sugar, honey, all sweets, chocolates and candies.
  • Foods to be restricted
    Wed,03 Aug 2011 17:06:11
    Potatoes, yam, arbi, sweet potatoes, mangoes, grapes, bananas, alcoholic beverages, fried foods, paranthas, poories, pakoras, mathris, deep fried foods, dry fruits, salad oils, cakes and pastries.
  • Foods to be used freely
    Wed,03 Aug 2011 17:06:11
    Green leafy vegetables, tomatoes, cucumber. radish, soups, buttermilk, tea and coffee without sugar.

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