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What is dental fluorosis?
What are the symptoms?
What is the cause?
How can it be prevented?
 
Thu,18 Nov 2004 05:30:00 +0530
Written by : DoctorNDTV Team
Checked by :
 
  • What is dental fluorosis?
    Thu,18 Nov 2004 05:30:00
    Dental fluorosis is a tooth defect that is caused by excessive intake of fluorides in the drinking water. Although the permanent teeth are affected, occasionally even the primary teeth may be involved.
  • What are the symptoms?
    Thu,18 Nov 2004 05:30:00
    It is easy to recognize dental fluorosis. Initially there may be a few white flecks or small pits on the enamel of the teeth. Later there may be brown stains. Dental fluorosis and dental caries seem to go hand in hand.
  • What is the cause?
    Thu,18 Nov 2004 05:30:00
    Dental fluorosis occurs in children who are exposed to a high intake of fluoride before the teeth fully mineralise, that is before 12-14 years of age. In one district of Kerala, nearly 40% of school children were found to have fluorosis. The disease is more prevalent in rural areas where drinking water is derived from shallow wells or hand pumps. The disease is more likely to occur in areas where the drinking water has a fluoride content of more than 1ppm (part per million), and in children who have a poor intake of calcium.
  • How can it be prevented?
    Thu,18 Nov 2004 05:30:00
    The only effective public health measure is to limit the fluoride content of drinking water to below 0.5 ppm (parts per million), by using deep bore drinking water supplies. An adequate daily intake of calcium is also protective.

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