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What is Cholangitis?
How is it caused?
What are its symptoms?
How is it diagnosed?
How can it be treated?
How can it be prevented?
Wed,03 Jun 2009 19:04:52 +0530
Written by : DoctorNDTV Team
Checked by :
  • What is Cholangitis?
    Wed,03 Jun 2009 19:04:52
    Cholangitis is an infection of the common bile duct, the tube that carries bile from the liver to the gallbladder and intestines. Bile is a chemical that helps digest food.
  • How is it caused?
    Wed,03 Jun 2009 19:04:52
    Cholangitis is usually caused by a bacterial infection, which can occur when the duct is blocked by things such as a gallstone or tumor. The infection causing this condition may also spread to the liver.

    Risk factors include a previous history of gallstones, biliary diseases such as sclerosing cholangitis, HIV, and, rarely, travel to countries where a worm or fluke infection can be contracted.
  • What are its symptoms?
    Wed,03 Jun 2009 19:04:52
  • Recurrent jaundice
  • Abdominal pain
  • Chills
  • Fever
  • Clay-colored stools
  • Dark urine
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • How is it diagnosed?
    Wed,03 Jun 2009 19:04:52
    The condition can be diagnosed using the following tests:-
    • Abdominal ultrasound
    • Liver function tests
    • Blood culture
    • WBC
  • How can it be treated?
    Wed,03 Jun 2009 19:04:52
    Antibiotics can cure infection. Usually, blockage bile ducts may be drained by ERCP or by PTBD.
  • How can it be prevented?
    Wed,03 Jun 2009 19:04:52
    Treatment of gallstones, tumors, and infestations of parasites may reduce the risk for some people. A metal or plastic stents within the bile system may be needed to prevent recurrence.
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