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Tooth Decay: Most Common Causes And Tips For Prevention

Tooth decay should not be ignored. Read here to know some of the top causes of tooth decay and cavities. Also find tips to prevent tooth decay and maintain oral hygiene.

 

HIGHLIGHTS

  1. Brush your teeth twice every day and visit the dentist regularly
  2. Avoid intake of carbs and sugary foods and drinks
  3. Flossing teeth is as important as brushing teeth

Destruction of tooth structure can lead to tooth decay. It can affect both the enamel and outer layer of tooth. One of the most common causes of tooth decay is foods like milk, cereals, bread, aerated drinks, cakes and sugary foods like candy. Bacteria living in the mouth have the tendency to digest these foods and turn them into acids. These acids, food debris, saliva and bacteria combine to form plaque which clings to teeth and cause tooth decay. Acids in plaque dissolve on enamel surface to teeth and cause holes knowns as cavities.

Following are some of the most common causes of tooth decay


1. Poor oral hygiene: Not brushing your teeth regularly and even lack of flossing can lead to tooth decay. It allows buildup of plaque and attacks tooth enamel. Make sure you floss regularly and also brush your teeth twice every day.

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Poor oral hygiene can lead to tooth decay
Photo Credit: iStock

2. Dry mouth: Saliva helps in washing plaque from teeth. In case you have dry mouth with very little saliva, it may lead to build-up of and increase tooth decay risks.

Also read: Your Toothpaste Can Damage Your Teeth! Make Your Own All Natural Home Made Toothpaste

3. Medical problems: At times, an underlying health condition could be the reason for your tooth decay. When acid flows from your stomach back to your mouth, in case of vomiting or bulimia, it may lead to tooth decay.

4. Eating and drinking: Eating starchy and sugary foods and drinks can lead to formation of cavities and tooth decay. You must brush your teeth after eating sugary or starchy foods as they tend to stick to your teeth after eating. Cooking, breath mints, dry cereals, hard candies, dried fruit, raisins, etc are all foods after which you must brush your teeth.

5. Bacteria and acids: When bacteria in the mouth digest carbs that linger to your teeth, it leads to formation of acid and tooth decay.

Also read: Teeth Too Sensitive? Here's All You Need To Know About Tooth Sensitivity

Follow these tips to prevent tooth decay

1. Brush your teeth twice every day and visit the dentist regularly. Make sure your toothpaste contains fluoride. Try brushing after every meal and never forget to brush your teeth before going to bed.

2. Rinse your mouth with fluoride containing mouthwash. It can help in killing harmful plaque-causing bacteria.

3. Eat nutritious and balanced diet. Avoid consumption of deep fried, processed and junk food. Candies, chips, chocolates and desserts should be avoided as much as possible. Even when you're indulging in them, control your portion size.

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Avoid consumption of starchy and sugary foods to prevent tooth decay
Photo Credit: iStock

4. Flossing is as important as brushing and must not be skipped.

5. Drinking fluoridated water can help in preventing tooth decay.

Also read: Teeth Discolouration: 5 Common Foods And Drink Which Can Cause Teeth Stain

Disclaimer: This content including advice provides generic information only. It is in no way a substitute for qualified medical opinion. Always consult a specialist or your own doctor for more information. NDTV does not claim responsibility for this information.

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