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Hypothyroidism: Foods To Avoid With An Underactive Thyroid

Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland is not able to produce enough thyroid hormone. Diet can affect secretion of hormones. Here are some foods you need to avoid.

Hypothyroidism: Foods To Avoid With An Underactive Thyroid

Hypothyroidism affects more women than men


  1. Hypothyroidism may cause a variety of symptoms
  2. In treatment a healthy balance of hormones is aimed
  3. It is a condition of decreased activity of the thyroid gland

Underactive thyroid also known as hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones. The imbalance of hormones due to this condition can cause several side-effects. Initially, underactive thyroid may not show symptoms. In later stage, this condition can lead to symptoms like fatigue, weight gain, muscle weakness, increased cholesterol levels, hair fall, stiff joints, depression and in some cases goiter. If left untreated, underactive thyroid can lead to an increased risk of heart disease, poor mental health, infertility, unhealthy weight and myxedema. Diet can play an effective role in managing this condition. It is advised to consume a healthy and well-balanced diet to control the ill-effects of hypothyroidism. In this article, you will understand foods you should be avoiding to fight this condition effectively.

Hypothyroidism: Foods you should avoid

1. Soy

Studies suggest that women who consume soy products for longer in excess may suffer from a higher risk of hypothyroidism. Soy products also contain plant-based estrogen. Increased levels of estrogen can cause thyroid imbalance. Therefore, it is advised to reduce the consumption of soy products.

Also read: Soy Food Cuts Fracture Risks; Top 5 Soy Rich Foods

2. Too much iodine

Some forms of hypothyroidism are caused by insufficient levels of iodine. Therefore, many add too much iodine to their diet. Too much iodine can have an opposite effect on the hormones. Therefore, always consult an expert before adding too much iodine to your diet.


Check with your doctor before adding too much iodine to your diet
Photo Credit: iStock

3. Certain vegetable

Some vegetables with nutritional content may affect the production of thyroid hormone. Certain cruciferous vegetables like Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, kale, turnips, broccoli and bok choy should be consumed in moderation if you are at a risk.

Also read: Forget Broccoli, Asparagus; Rujuta Recommends Having This Veggie For Better Digestion

4. Fatty foods

Fats are harmful to your health in various ways. Fats can be divided into healthy and unhealthy fats. Studies have found that fats can disturb your body's ability to absorb thyroid hormone replacement medicines. Limit your intake of fried foods, fatty foods and highly processed foods.


Choose a healthy diet to balance hormones naturally
Photo Credit: iStock

5. Caffeine

Too much caffeine can block the absorption of the thyroid hormone. Caffeine consumed in excess is harmful to your health in several ways. It can lead to insomnia and several digestive issues.

Also read: Quitting Coffee? Know Health Benefits Of Living A Caffeine-Free Life

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Disclaimer: This content including advice provides generic information only. It is in no way a substitute for qualified medical opinion. Always consult a specialist or your own doctor for more information. NDTV does not claim responsibility for this information.


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