Genetic Testing: Know All About The Importance Of Genetic Testing
Genetic testing refers to the mapping of genes, chromosomes and proteins of an organism's body. It is performed to find out various genetic diseases that cannot be diagnosed easily or those that do not have a definite diagnostic technique.
Gene testing is done on a sample of blood or body fluid extracted from the body of an organism
- Genetic testing is performed to diagnose a genetic disease in a baby
- Genetic tests can be molecular, chromosomal or biochemical
- Genetic tests can predict if a parent can pass on a disease to the child
Genetic testing is one of the latest and important diagnostic methods. It can help find out the type of medication required for an acutely ill patient. Without genetic testing, many fatal diseases can go undiscovered until it is too late to be treated. Some of the many genetic diseases that can be treated by gene therapy are cystic fibrosis, haemophilia and sickle cell anemia.
Genetic testing helps in unravelling everything that you can learn about your genes. It can help discover your uniqueness by mapping your genes to the lowest molecular level. Such a service can be availed at MapMyGenome's GenomePatri. Besides these, tests like MyFitGene testing can also help you to choose the best fitness plans and diets for your body. It helps in finding out the fitness regime that will yield the best results for your body.
Doctors perform genetic testing for various reasons, like:
1. To diagnose a genetic disease in a newborn baby
2. To check if a patient, who is a carrier or has a trait of any genetic disease, may pass it to their children or not.
3. To diagnose a genetic disease in a fetus.
4. To find out a cause of a genetic disease.
5. To find a accurate form of treatment for a genetic disease.
6. To diagnose the disease in a person who showing the symptoms of a genetic disease.
7. To find out which medicine will have the maximum benefits for you as one drug may not be same for all. You could try the MedicaMap test to know exactly that.
Types of genetic tests
1. Molecular gene tests
This test requires a small part of DNA strand extracted from the blood or other bodily fluids. It is used to find out any form of changes taking place in the gene structure of the person.
2. Chromosomal gene tests
This test makes use of the chromosomes of a person. It takes in consideration the type, structure, size and arrangement of the chromosomes.
3. Biochemical gene tests
This test takes in the account the amount and activities of proteins in the cells. A biochemical gene test is usually performed on a baby in uterus or a newborn child.
Also read: 4 Reasons Why Your Newborn Isn't Sleeping At Night
Importance of genetic testing
Genetic testing is an important form of disease testing. Gene testing can determine various diseases that do not provide any outward symptoms. It can in help the treatment of any disease before it starts causing any destruction to the natural function of the body. Genetic testing can also help in the detection of any gene mutations. These gene mutations can take place at any period of time and cannot be predicted by any other form of diagnostic tests. It can help in predicting any disease or disorder that might take place during later in life. Such diseases can be avoided beforehand through immediate treatment. Genetic testing can also predict whether a parent has a chance of passing on particular disease to their offspring. Any genetic disease can be diagnosed while a baby is still in their mother's womb and can be treated accordingly as soon as possible. It helps in diagnosing a disease that cannot be diagnosed by other techniques.
Drawbacks or risks of genetic testing
Medical drawbacks or risks regarding gene testing are nearly negligible. Most drawbacks concerned with genetic testing are either emotional, financial or social. A genetic test not only reveals information about the patient but also about many other related family members. Some patients are not happy with the diagnosis. Genetic testing can also lead to genetic discrimination in many cases through social surrounding. Insurance companies may also indulge in a form of genetic discrimination. This may lead to many psychological problems like stress, anxiety or depression.
Not all diagnosis made through a genetic testing are subjected to treatment. There are some genetic diseases that are fatal and do not have any form of treatment available. In addition to that, the will to subject to any form treatment for any disease is completely dependent on the patient. Genetic testing can only determine the course of treatment for the disease. It does not predict whether the presence of a harmful gene will ultimately lead to the disease. Or when the mutated gene will react. During these situations, a genetic test is not helpful.
Also read: Depression: 8 Early Signs And Symptoms
Cost of genetic testing
The cost of a genetic test can vary from about a 100$ to more than 2000$. The price range varies for all the different types of genetic tests.
Consult a genetic counsellor
People get genetic testing performed for various reasons. Some wish to find out about the possibilities of the treatment of their disease to stay healthy for a long period of time. While other wish to know about the details of their disease. A genetic test can help the patients take important life decisions for themselves and their family members. For all such questions regarding genetic mapping, one much consult a genetic counsellor. A genetic counsellor can guide them properly through this.
Also read: Exercise and counselling improves osteoarthritis
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