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Dengue Can Be Fatal For Diabetics : Know How

If a diabetic gets dengue, the infection can affect the vision, cause brain inflammation, make the body go into septic shock, or lead to multi-organ failure. Read on for more information.

Dengue Can Be Fatal For Diabetics : Know How

Diabetic people need to be cautious if they have a fever that doesn't subside.

HIGHLIGHTS

  1. Dengue causes fever and increases metabolic rate
  2. If a diabetic gets dengue, the infection can affect the vision
  3. Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral disease

Mosquito-borne diseases like dengue and chikungunya are on the rise making it very important for diabetics to take caution. According to statistics, mosquitoes infect about 300 to 500 million people and cause 1 million deaths every year around the world. "Dengue causes fever and increases metabolic rate, which can lead to a rise in fluctuation in blood sugar levels. If it is not monitored properly, there is high risk of such patients developing serious complications," said Dr Randeep Guleria, professor of medicine at AIIMS to The Times of India. He said heart patients take blood-thinning medicines, which may have to be stopped to check bleeding due to dengue infection.

Also Read: Early Arrival Of Dengue: Symptoms, Risks And Prevention

If a diabetic gets dengue, the infection can affect the vision, cause brain inflammation, make the body go into septic shock, or lead to multi-organ failure. Diabetic people need to be cautious and consult a doctor immediately if they have a fever that doesn't subside. Depending on the patient's condition, the doctor needs to change the medication accordingly. Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral disease caused by one of the many closely related dengue viruses. According to WHO, Approximately 2.5 billion people live in dengue-risk regions with about 100 million new cases each year worldwide. The cumulative dengue diseases burden has attained an unprecedented proportion in recent times with sharp increase in the size of human population at risk. Dengue disease presents highly complex pathophysiological, economic and ecologic problems.
 
diabetic dengue

Diabetic people need to be cautious if they have prolonged fever.
Photo Credit: iStock


What are the most commonly associated symptoms that could be associated with the onset of Dengue?

  • Severe headache
  • Pain behind the eyes
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Swollen glands
  • Muscle and joint pain
  • Skin rash
  • High fever reaching 40C/ 104F


Why are some people more susceptible to Dengue?

  • They live in a high-risk zone which has dingy, unclean surroundings with stagnant water that encourages mosquito breeding.
  • Some of them have been infected with dengue before
  • They have low immunity
  • Their platelet count is low
     

Make a diagnosis assessing:

  • The temperature
  • Associated symptoms such as nausea and vomiting Rash and general pain


The common tests for dengue

Complete Blood Count

ELISA test for dengue NS1 Ag

PCR for detecting viral DNA

Serum IgG and IgM test
 

Suggested Treatment

  • Please seek medical advice immediately if common symptoms persist
  • Drink plenty of fluids
  • Symptomatic relief can be sought using NSAIDs (Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) such as paracetamol
  • Do not take aspirin or ibuprofen since they can increase the risk of bleeding
  • Follow instructions of medical practitioners diligently


If Dengue fever progresses to dengue shock syndrome, look out for these symptoms and visit your nearest hospital immediately:

  • Severe pain in the abdomen
  • Myalgia
  • Fluid accumulation in the liver
  • Hemorrhages
  • Nausea
  • Fluid accumulation in the chest
  • Headache


How to prevent dengue

  • Make sure all egg-laying habitats of mosquitoes, such as open and stagnant water sources are cleaned up.
  • If there are any open water sources you cannot eliminate, cover them and apply appropriate insecticides.
  • Use protections such as window screens, long-sleeved clothes, insecticide-treated materials, coils, vaporizers and repellant creams to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes.
  • A person can suffer from dengue a second time if the viral strain is different from the initial infection.


So, ensure adequate protection.


 

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