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Home »  Living Healthy »  Monsoon Diseases: This Monsoon, Keep Cholera At Bay: Here's How

Monsoon Diseases: This Monsoon, Keep Cholera At Bay: Here's How

Cholera is an infectious and bacterial disease which is spread because of consuming contaminated water or food prepared with contaminated water. Read to know all about this disease, which is quite likely to happen during monsoon.

Monsoon Diseases: This Monsoon, Keep Cholera At Bay: Here

Cholera is waterborne disease which has high incidence during monsoon

HIGHLIGHTS

  1. Cholera spreads through contaminated water, foods and drinks
  2. Cholera may cause diarrhea and extreme dehydration
  3. In extreme cases, cholera may lead to death

Cholera is an infectious and bacterial disease which is spread because of consuming contaminated water or food. Cholera is one of the monsoon diseases which you must be aware of. This contamination is caused because of a bacteria which known as Vibrio Cholerae. Cholera usually causes diarrhea and dehydration but in some cases, if not treated immediately, then it may also lead to death. Cholera is spread more frequently in areas where the sanitation is poor in terms of surroundings. It is more common in suffocating and crowded areas and at times of famines. The most important factor which leads to the spread of cholera is the presence of the Vibrio Cholerae bacteria. Some common sources through which this bacteria spreads amongst people are - municipal water, food, and drinks which are sold by street vendors. Vegetables and fruits grown with contaminated water can also cause cholera. When you consume something that contains this bacteria, it produces a toxin in your small intestine known as the CTX. This toxin makes the body dispose of large amounts of water, which in turn leads to diarrhea.

Symptoms of Cholera

Let's look at some of the symptoms of cholera :

1. Evidently, one of the major symptoms of cholera is diarrhea along with vomiting and finally, dehydration.

2. Increase in heart rate is also a common symptom of cholera.

3. Another symptom of cholera is elasticity of the skin.

4. Dry mouth, throat, and nose are a symptom of cholera.

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Cholera may lead to low blood pressure
Photo Credit: iStock

5. An early symptom of cholera is low blood pressure.

6. Muscle cramps may also occur as a result of the loss of sodium, potassium, and chloride.

7. The person will also be really thirsty all the time.

8. The urine output is also likely to reduce during the onset of cholera.

9. A symptom of cholera which occurs mostly in children is reduction in blood sugar levels.

Also read: This Monsoon, Enjoy The Super Healthy Dates: Rujuta Diwekar Tells Why

Risk factors of cholera

Cholera may turn out to be really injurious to health and lead to several complications. 

1. Death 

Cholera may also lead to death in some cases. Death because of cholera may occur because of  excessive loss of fluids and electrolytes. In such a case, a person might die within hours of catching the disease. Lack of timely treatment may also lead to death because of cholera. 

2. Hypoglycemia

This condition is caused due to an extreme fall in blood sugar level of the body. We all know that glucose is the main energy source of the body. Hypoglycemia may lead to unconsciousness, seizures and even death.

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Cholera may result in extremely low blood sugar
Photo Credit: iStock

3. Hypokalemia

This is a condition which leads to reduced potassium levels. A person suffering from cholera usually loses a lot of minerals in their stool. The body needs to have a balanced proportion of potassium levels, otherwise it might cause severe interference with the functionality of the heart and nerves.

4. Kidney failure

Since the body experiences heavy loss of fluids in cholera, it often leads to the kidney failure which may further generate shock.

Also read: Avoid These Foods During Monsoon: Rujuta Diwekar's Guide To Healthy Eating During The Rainy Season

Preventive tips for cholera

As we have seen that cholera is indeed a disease that you definitely will not wish to catch, its good to keep some prevention pointers on your fingertips. So some of the prevention methods of cholera are:

1. If you are using public washrooms or any public services, don't forget to wash your hands with soap and keep yourself clean. Washing hands after using washrooms is anyway a must-follow hygiene tip.

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To prevent cholera, wash your hands every time you use a public washroom
Photo Credit: iStock

2. Drink clean water. It is important to ensure that you are drinking clean and filtered water. Water is the most common source of cholera after all. As far as possible, avoid putting ice in your drinks in coffee shops or theatres etc. This is because there are good chances that the water used for ice may be contaminated.

3. Avoid eating uncooked or raw seafood. Seawater is the most contaminated because it is a deposit of human and animal excretion. Eating seafood can also increase chances of catching the deadly bacteria.

4. Eat fruits and vegetables that can be peeled off and not necessarily has to be eaten with the skin.

We hope that this monsoon, you keep yourself safe and bacteria free!

Disclaimer: This content including advice provides generic information only. It is in no way a substitute for qualified medical opinion. Always consult a specialist or your own doctor for more information. NDTV does not claim responsibility for this information.

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