Dental Caries: Signs And Symptoms Of Tooth Decay You Must Watch Out For
Dental caries or tooth decay is one of the common dental issues. Here are some early signs and symptoms of tooth decay you must know to avoid severe complications.
Dental caries can lead to tiny opening in the teeth that may gradually worsen with time
- Dental caries can lead to constant toothache
- Good oral hygiene can help you prevent dental caries
- See your dentist if you are experiencing symptoms of tooth decay
Dental caries commonly known as tooth decay or cavity is one of the common dental issues. According to WHO, Dental caries is a major public health problem globally and is the most widespread non-communicable disease (NCD). In tooth decay, the outer layer or the enamel of the tooth gets damaged and develop into tiny holes and openings. There are multiple factors responsible for this condition. Some of these are bacterial infections, too much consumption of sugary foods and drinks, frequent snacking, poor oral hygiene, dry mouth, some eating disorders and acid reflux disorders.
Dental caries or tooth decay: Know the signs and symptoms
Cavities start small and gradually become bigger. Noticing the signs and symptoms of dental caries can help seek adequate treatment on time. Here are some warning signs and symptoms of dental caries you must watch out for.
1. Tooth stains
The initial sign of tooth decay may appear as a white spot that darkens with time into brown-black stains or tooth discolouration.
2. Pit or hole
When left untreated, pot or hole occurs on or around the stained area which in severe cases may lead to a fracture in the tooth.
3. Sensitivity to hot or cold
The enamel of the tooth starts to wear due to decay which results in exposure of the dentin layer present below enamel. Exposure of dentin to hot or cold food may stimulate nerve endings leading to unpleasant sensation in the tooth.
4. Sensation to sweet
Just like hot or cold food sensitivity, sweet food may also lead to unpleasant lingering sensation in the tooth.
5. Toothache or abscess
When left untreated tooth decay invades the pulp of the tooth (soft tissue of tooth comprising nerve endings and blood vessels). Pulp exposure then leads to severe pain and even abscess formation in advanced cases.
Also read: Top 5 Dental Myths You Should Stop Believing
If you experience any of these symptoms with toothache, then you must pay a visit to your dentist.
(Dr. Yogesh Vats is a Delhi-based dentist)
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