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Preventing exposure to HIV

  • The best way of self-protection is to learn as much as possible about HIV infection, avoid risky behaviour, and follow guidelines for protection.
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    The best way of self-protection is to learn as much as possible about HIV infection, avoid risky behaviour, and follow guidelines for protection.

  • Abstinence, non-penetrative sex or a stable relationship between mutually faithful partners is optimal.
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    Abstinence, non-penetrative sex or a stable relationship between mutually faithful partners is optimal.

  • Use latex condoms correctly and consistently. Keep in mind that condoms offer protection but risk is not totally eliminated by using condoms.
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    Use latex condoms correctly and consistently. Keep in mind that condoms offer protection but risk is not totally eliminated by using condoms.

  • Do not share needles and syringes for injecting drugs, preferably avoid intravenous drug abuse.
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    Do not share needles and syringes for injecting drugs, preferably avoid intravenous drug abuse.

  • Ensure the use of single use disposable needles and syringes for injection.
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    Ensure the use of single use disposable needles and syringes for injection.

  • Insist on sterile disposable syringes and needles for injections.
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    Insist on sterile disposable syringes and needles for injections.

  • Never use a paid blood donor.
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    Never use a paid blood donor.

  • Get all sexually transmitted infections treated by a qualified doctor as soon as possible, also get your partner checked and treated.
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    Get all sexually transmitted infections treated by a qualified doctor as soon as possible, also get your partner checked and treated.

  • Avoid casual sex or sex with promiscuous women and prostitutes.
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    Avoid casual sex or sex with promiscuous women and prostitutes.

  • At this time, there is no cure or vaccination that will prevent HIV infection, though a lot of research is being done for a vaccine. Anyone engaging in high-risk behaviour should contact a physician to arrange for a complete physical examination and blood tests.
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    At this time, there is no cure or vaccination that will prevent HIV infection, though a lot of research is being done for a vaccine. Anyone engaging in high-risk behaviour should contact a physician to arrange for a complete physical examination and blood tests.

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