World AIDS Day 2020: Expert Tells How To Stay Safe From HIV/AIDS
World AIDS Day 2020: HIV contaminates and causes harm to vital cells and organs of the human immune system. The severity of HIV/AIDS varies from individual to individual depending on many factors like immunity.
World AIDS Day is observed on December 1
- HIV can be transmitted by reuising contaminated syringes
- It can also be transmitted during pregnancy
- HIV is most infectious during the first few weeks of infection
World AIDS Day 2020: A syndrome caused by HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is what we refer to as AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). HIV-AIDS makes the human body defenceless against infections by compromising their immune system. If the condition progresses, people can get extremely susceptible to various infections.
World AIDS Day: What you need to know about transmission of HIV/AIDS
- Transmission through blood: reusing syringes contaminated with HIV infected samples is a very potent cause of transmission
- Sexual transmission: unprotected sexual activities with multiple people and exposure of a person to sexual fluids during physical intimacy
- Perinatal transmission: during pregnancy, childbirth and even breastfeeding, a mother can transmit the infection to her child
HIV contaminates and causes harm to vital cells and organs of the human immune system. The severity of HIV/AIDS varies from individual to individual depending on many factors like immune health that is the body's ability to defend against HIV, proper access to healthcare especially for people living with STD's and human body's resistance to other infections.
HIV/AIDS: Possible symptoms
Most people may experience no symptoms even after several months of being exposed to this infection. However people may experience flu like symptoms -6 weeks after catching the virus. Some early symptoms may include fever, chills, joint pain, muscle ach, sweats (particularly at night), enlarged glands, red rash, fatigue, progressive weight loss and the likes.
Tips for prevention
- Contact with body fluids: by reducing the risk of exposure to contaminated blood, HIV can be prevented. It is as easy as washing that part of the skin thoroughly that u think might have come in contact with contaminated blood/ fluids.
- Do not share any intravenous drugs (through needles and syringes): Sharing needles exposed to HIV and other infections can not only cause HIV AIDS but also conditions like hepatitis C.
- Unprotected sex exposes a person to the risk of contracting STD's (sexually transmitted diseases)
Adherence: HIV treatment is effective if medication is taken as prescribed. Missing even a few doses may jeopardise the treatment. It is crucial to take medication correctly and take steps to avoid illness. People living with HIV should seek to improve their general health by regularly exercising, eating healthfully, and not smoking. HIV is a lasting condition, so it is important to be in regular contact with the healthcare team.
It is important to understand that HIV AIDs does not get transmitted through means of causal contact like hugging, shaking hands, using same washrooms/toiletries etc.
(Dr Suranjit Chatterjee, Senior Consultant, Internal Medicine, Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, New Delhi)
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