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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: What Is ADHD? Know Challenges Linked With ADHD

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) can affect attentiveness in children. There are many other symptoms one can experience. Read here to know more about ADHD, its symptoms and challenges linked with it.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: What Is ADHD? Know Challenges Linked With ADHD

ADHD symptoms: Kids with ADHD have a tendency to forget things every now and then


  1. People with ADHD experience deficits in organizational skills
  2. Children suffering from ADHD may feel confusion
  3. ADHD can create a very hard time concentrating on topics

Organizational skill is correlational to mental health. One of the major mental illnesses includes deficits in those organizational skills which is known to be ADHD. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a very common mental disorder which generally occurs during childhood. It was always thought of as an illness concerned with the behavioural ability of a person but in recent years, it comes off as a problem with the chemical structure of the brain cells too.

Having ADHD doesn't define a person's intellectual ability as it talks about a variety of other symptoms. Children suffering from ADHD are often mistaken by their behaviour as they tend to be less or more motivated at different times during different instances. Usually, they are found having a very hard time concentrating on topics which are not of their interest. Some children, who do not suffer from ADHD, also find it difficult to focus, but they have the ability to differentiate between the tasks which aren't important from the ones that are. This ability is lacking in people who suffer from ADHD. According to a study found in India, "the prevalence of ADHD among primary school children was 11.32%. Prevalence was found to be higher among the males (66.7%) as compared to that of females (33.3%)." Though the symptoms of ADHD begin from childhood, it can also continue until adulthood.

Some major symptoms of ADHD:

  • Getting easily distracted from a topic of importance
  • Poor organizational skills
  • Having difficulty in following instructions
  • Inability to wait for their turn
  • Being forgetful
  • Excessive talking

Challenges linked with ADHD

ADHD can also occur with other common mental health issues like depression, (OCD) Obsessive-compulsive disorder and other major learning disability like dyslexia or dyscalculia.

1. Depression

Due to hyperactivity and lack of focus, people with ADHD generally face difficulties in their school and work environment as they are unable to perform well and often end up losing their jobs or getting bullied by peers at school, thus they tend to suffer from depression alongside ADHD.


ADHD Symptoms: Depression can be commonly experienced by people with ADHD
Photo Credit: iStock

Also read: How to deal with a child suffering from ADHD?

2. (OCD) Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Nearly 'fifty to eighty percentages of people have ADHD along with OCD.' The symptoms of ADHD are comorbid to the symptoms of OCD. In OCD, people suffer from persistent thoughts and ideas, followed by compulsive acts. People with ADHD often try to do tasks recurrently as they are unable to perform it well the first time. Because of this, both the conditions overlap.

Also read: How To Cope With Adult ADHD (Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder)

3. Learning Disability

ADHD isn't considered to be a learning disability but it overlaps with certain challenges in learning, like dyslexia or dyscalculia. People with dyslexia have difficulty to read or spell words, whereas in dyscalculia people often suffer from understanding numbers. Both of these challenges provide a hindrance in focussing on a topic and understanding it completely.

Also read: ADHD In Children: 10 Common Symptoms

All these conditions linking to ADHD can be resolved alongside the treatment of ADHD.

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Disclaimer: This content including advice provides generic information only. It is in no way a substitute for qualified medical opinion. Always consult a specialist or your own doctor for more information. NDTV does not claim responsibility for this information.


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