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Smoking during pregnancy and diabetes

Smoking during pregnancy may increase the risk of developing diabetes during pregnancy, a condition known as gestational diabetes.

Smoking during pregnancy and diabetes

Smoking during pregnancy may increase the risk of developing diabetes during pregnancy, a condition known as gestational diabetes.Previous studies have linked smoking to the risk of type 2 diabetes, but the relationship between smoking and gestational diabetes remains unclear. Researchers from National Institute of Child Health and Human Development in Bethesda, Maryland, used the data from 4,500 pregnant women to investigate the relation between smoking and gestational diabetes.
They found that average blood glucose levels were highest among women, who continued to smoke, and were lowest among women who never smoked or who quit before or during pregnancy. Rates of gestational diabetes were highest among women who smoked (4.4 per cent) and lowest among those who had never smoked (1.8 per cent). Women who quit before or during pregnancy had intermediate rates of gestational diabetes (1.9 per cent and 2.5 per cent).The findings suggest that smoking may be an important modifiable risk factor for gestational diabetes mellitus.
American Journal of Epidemiology,
December 2004
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