Home » Photo » Diet for high blood pressure

Photos

Diet for high blood pressure

  • Objective of dietary modifications for person suffering from high blood pressure or hypertension is to maintain adequate nutrition, to reduce the sodium intake, to achieve a gradual weight loss in overweight individuals and maintain their weight slightly below normal weight and to restrict fat (if required) depending on the lipid (fat) profile.
    Share

    Objective of dietary modifications for person suffering from high blood pressure or hypertension is to maintain adequate nutrition, to reduce the sodium intake, to achieve a gradual weight loss in overweight individuals and maintain their weight slightly below normal weight and to restrict fat (if required) depending on the lipid (fat) profile.

  • Energy needs to be restricted in case of overweight individuals. Even normal weight individuals benefit with a slight reduction in energy. Therefore, the energy intake should be adjusted in such a way so as to bring about a weight loss and maintain slightly below the normal level.
    Share

    Energy needs to be restricted in case of overweight individuals. Even normal weight individuals benefit with a slight reduction in energy. Therefore, the energy intake should be adjusted in such a way so as to bring about a weight loss and maintain slightly below the normal level.

  • A normal protein intake is suggested. Excess amount of proteins should be avoided, as these foods are usually high in animal fat as well as sodium.
    Share

    A normal protein intake is suggested. Excess amount of proteins should be avoided, as these foods are usually high in animal fat as well as sodium.

  • As low energy diets are essentially low fat diets, the quantity of fat should be reduced. Also, it is important to check the quality of fat. Fats should be of plant origin including soya oil, groundnut oil, sunflower oil and corn oil. Fats from animal origin such as ghee, butter etc. should be restricted.
    Share

    As low energy diets are essentially low fat diets, the quantity of fat should be reduced. Also, it is important to check the quality of fat. Fats should be of plant origin including soya oil, groundnut oil, sunflower oil and corn oil. Fats from animal origin such as ghee, butter etc. should be restricted.

  • Emphasis should be placed on including foods high in complex carbohydrates such as starches and dietary fibre rather than simple sugars.
    Share

    Emphasis should be placed on including foods high in complex carbohydrates such as starches and dietary fibre rather than simple sugars.

  • An average daily intake of sodium in adults range widely from 3 to 4 gm to as high as 10 to 12 gm. The main source of sodium is common salt i.e. sodium chloride. Other sodium compounds such as baking powder, sodium bi-carbonate and those used in processed and preserved foods.
    Share

    An average daily intake of sodium in adults range widely from 3 to 4 gm to as high as 10 to 12 gm. The main source of sodium is common salt i.e. sodium chloride. Other sodium compounds such as baking powder, sodium bi-carbonate and those used in processed and preserved foods.

  • An adequate potassium intake is an essential part of treatment. This can be done by including sufficient amounts of potassium rich foods such as milk, fruits and vegetables.
    Share

    An adequate potassium intake is an essential part of treatment. This can be done by including sufficient amounts of potassium rich foods such as milk, fruits and vegetables.

  • Adequate amount of calcium intake is also beneficial in treating high blood pressure. Some of the calcium rich foods are milk, leafy vegetables, etc.
    Share

    Adequate amount of calcium intake is also beneficial in treating high blood pressure. Some of the calcium rich foods are milk, leafy vegetables, etc.

  • Sodium intake should be lowered for the purpose of controlling high blood pressure. Sodium intake includes salt at the table for salads or curds, salt lightly in cooking and avoid eating processed cheese, salted butter.
    Share

    Sodium intake should be lowered for the purpose of controlling high blood pressure. Sodium intake includes salt at the table for salads or curds, salt lightly in cooking and avoid eating processed cheese, salted butter.

  • Canned vegetables or canned vegetable juices, bread, bread rolls, crackers, mayonnaise or other salad dressings and baking powder, baking soda and anything containing these should be avoided.
    Share

    Canned vegetables or canned vegetable juices, bread, bread rolls, crackers, mayonnaise or other salad dressings and baking powder, baking soda and anything containing these should be avoided.

  • In concise, following dietary management could be adopted for controlling high blood pressure.<br><br>•  Salt needs to be restricted.<br><br>
•  Food should be made in a way that it is palatable even with lesser amount of salt or even without salt.<br><br>
•  Variety of condiments (low in sodium) and flavouring agents such as lemon, vinegar, tamarind extract, onion, garlic, spices, etc. can be used to improve the palatability of salt free food.<br><br>
•  Some foods rich in potassium but low in sodium are potatoes, banana, apricots and legumes, which can be included in the diet.<br><br>
•  Restrict fried and fatty foods.<br><br>
•  Restrict alcohol intake.
    Share

    In concise, following dietary management could be adopted for controlling high blood pressure.

    • Salt needs to be restricted.

    • Food should be made in a way that it is palatable even with lesser amount of salt or even without salt.

    • Variety of condiments (low in sodium) and flavouring agents such as lemon, vinegar, tamarind extract, onion, garlic, spices, etc. can be used to improve the palatability of salt free food.

    • Some foods rich in potassium but low in sodium are potatoes, banana, apricots and legumes, which can be included in the diet.

    • Restrict fried and fatty foods.

    • Restrict alcohol intake.

  • Highly salted foods such as potato chips, salted nuts, salted popcorns, salted snacks and foods with sodium as preservative such as tomato ketchup, chilli sauce, soya sauce, garlic sauce, pickles and chutneys are advised to be avoided.
    Share

    Highly salted foods such as potato chips, salted nuts, salted popcorns, salted snacks and foods with sodium as preservative such as tomato ketchup, chilli sauce, soya sauce, garlic sauce, pickles and chutneys are advised to be avoided.

................... Advertisement ...................

   

FAQ

ASK OUR EXPERTS

Using 0 of 1024 Possible characters
Choose Topic

Latest stories

Yoga Can Hurt If Not Done Properly, Say Experts

Tue, 26 Sep 2017 15:30:15 IST
Where yoga is known to be a great healer and a contributor in improving physical strength and body flexibility, it can also have adverse effects if not done properly. Deepak Jha, yoga expert, has pointed out certain health problems you may face if you practice yoga poses incorrectly.

Marijuana Helps In Avoiding Hard Drugs, Study; Health Benefits Of Marijuana

Tue, 26 Sep 2017 13:30:36 IST
Marijuana may in fact prevent people from progressing to harder drugs like cocaine or ecstasy, as per scientists. Know the rare health benefits of marijuana.

Maharashtra: Anganwadi Workers Continue To Strike, Parents and Children Suffer

Tue, 26 Sep 2017 12:30:24 IST
Anganwadi workers have been on strike across the entire state of Maharashtra since September 11th, and this, of late, has started bothering the parents of children who rely on these anganwadis for their daily meals. The children have now resumed eating home-cooked meals and are even resorting to cheap, junk food.

894 New Dengue Cases Reported In Delhi Last Week: Tips To Prevent Dengue

Tue, 26 Sep 2017 11:30:30 IST
894 new dengue cases reported in Delhi last week. This takes the number to 3109 cases till now. As for malaria and chikungunya, the numbers were 85 and 61 last week.Here are a few tips to prevent dengue.

World Pharmacists Day 2017: A Brief History of Pharmacy And Pharmacists In India

Mon, 25 Sep 2017 20:00:16 IST
September 25th is observed as the World Pharmacists Day every year. Here's a brief history of how the profession of pharmacy and pharmacists came into being in India.