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Male Infertility: Expert Explains The Causes, Symptoms And The Importance of Timely Treatment

Male infertility stems from a myriad of factors, including hormonal imbalances, reproductive organ abnormalities, sperm production disorders.

Male Infertility: Expert Explains The Causes, Symptoms And The Importance of Timely Treatment

Lifestyle practices like smoking and alcohol consumption can detrimentally affect fertility in men

Male infertility is often stigmatized, leading to misconceptions, and hindering open discussion on the topic. This stigma often delays men from seeking help. The urgency of addressing male infertility now lies in the fact that it is a concern that affects couples' family planning aspirations. By eliminating the age-old notions and fostering awareness, we can pave the way for better support, early diagnosis, and more effective treatment paths. This, in turn, offers a promising path toward helping couples realize their dreams of parenthood.

What are the causes of infertility in men?

Male infertility stems from a myriad of factors, including hormonal imbalances, reproductive organ abnormalities, sperm production disorders. Lifestyle practices like smoking and alcohol consumption can detrimentally affect sperm quality and quantity. Environmental elements such as exposure to toxins and radiation can impair sperm function. Medical conditions like diabetes, hypertension, and sexually transmitted infections may alarm the need for specialized treatment to address fertility issues. Additionally, mental health conditions can indirectly impact male fertility, highlighting the significance of a holistic healthcare approach for male reproductive well-being.



Importance of timely interventions

Both women and men face age-related fertility challenges, with men also experiencing a decline in sperm quality and quantity as they age. This not only affects the ideal timing for conception but can also impact the health of offspring. Therefore, addressing these concerns early is vital for timely medical interventions and an increased chance of successful conception. It is practical to proactively monitor reproductive health in the late 20s to early 30s when fertility typically begins to decline in both men and women.



What are the symptoms that should not be ignored?

Persistent erection difficulties, testicular or groin discomfort, changes in ejaculation such as reduced volume or the presence of blood, and hormonal imbalances leading to reduced facial and body hair can signal male fertility issues. If these symptoms persist for a year while actively trying to conceive, seek medical evaluation and assistance.

The impact on mental health

The prevalent stigma surrounding male infertility exerts a profound impact on men's emotional well-being. It often triggers a range of psychological challenges, including depression, anxiety, and diminished self-esteem. The fear of seeking assistance and support due to this stigma can further intensify their emotional turmoil. To address this issue, promoting open conversations and raising awareness about male infertility is essential.

How can partners support emotionally?

If your partner is dealing with fertility concerns, it is essential to take several steps to provide emotional support. First, educate yourself about male fertility to better understand the situation. Create a safe and open space for your partner to express their feelings and emotions, as this can help reduce psychological stress and strengthen your relationship.

Whenever possible, attend doctor's appointments together to show your support and be actively involved in exploring treatment options as a team. Additionally, encouraging a balanced diet and regular exercise can significantly contribute to their overall well-being, positively impacting their fertility health. This multifaceted approach can be a valuable source of emotional support for your partner during this challenging time.

(Dr. C. Jyothi Budi, Medical Director, Ferty9 Fertility Center)


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