Diabetic teens may have weaker bones
Young people with type 1 diabetes may have delayed bone development despite normal growth and maturity.
The investigators studied 42 diabetics between 12 and 18 years of age and compared them with 199 healthy subjects.Body size and maturity were similar between groups. However, diabetics had lower tibia, spine and whole body bone characteristics, but greater muscle mass and lower bone mineral content.Annual gains in bone mineral content were lower in diabetics, and this was related to poorer control of blood glucose levels. However, whole body muscle mass was greater.Diabetics had 8.5 per cent less body bone mineral content to muscle mass, suggesting that bone mineral deposition was not adequately adapted to muscle gains.The findings suggest that small but chronic alterations in bone mineral acquisition associated with high blood sugar levels may prevent adolescents with type 1 diabetes from achieving optimal bone mass and strength.Long-term studies are needed to determine whether there is an increased risk of osteoporosis in later life for individuals with type 1 diabetes and poor glucose control during pubertal growth.
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