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Home »  Living Healthy »  Do You Know What Lyme Disease Is? Know The Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Do You Know What Lyme Disease Is? Know The Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

This is the deadly disease Bella Hadid suffers from!

Do You Know What Lyme Disease Is? Know The Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

This disease is a common infection in India, affecting more than a million people per year

HIGHLIGHTS

  1. Lyme disease is an infection caused by bacterium, Borrelia burgdorferi
  2. It takes 24-48 hours for a tick to transmit the infection
  3. The earliest symptoms of the disease include a "bull's eye" rash
Victoria's Secret model Bella Hadid, along with brother Anwar Hadid, has been walking the runway for more than two years now while battling the deadly lyme disease behind the scene. This disease is a common infection in India, affecting more than a million people per year. Lyme disease is an infection caused by the bacterium, Borrelia burgdorferi. This bacterium is transmitted to humans by a bite from an infected black-legged or deer tick. The tick becomes infected after feeding on infected deer or mice.

A tick has to be present on the skin for 24 to 48 hours to transmit the infection, though not all ticks are infected by the bacterium.

lyme disease

Photo Credit: iStock

Here is all that you ned to know about the disease.

Symptoms:

Early Symptoms

The earliest symptoms of the disease include a "bull's eye" rash which means that the bacteria are multiplying in the body. This happens within the first two weeks after the bite. This area is generally not painful or itchy. The rash generally disappears after the first four weeks.
 

lyme disease

Photo Credit: iStock

Intermediate Symptoms

This stage can overlap with the early stage and generally occurs after the first two weeks of the \infection. This includes:

  • chills
  • fever
  • enlarged lymph nodes
  • sore throat
  • vision changes
  • fatigue
  • muscle aches
  • headaches

It can also start affecting the joints, heart, and even the nervous system.

Chronic symptoms

When the disease has spread fully throughout the body the symptoms may include:

  • severe headaches
  • arthritis
  • arrhythmic heartbeat
  • brain disorders
  • short-term memory loss
  • difficulty in concentrating
  • mental fogginess
  • problems following conversations
  • numbness in the arms, legs, hands, or feet

Diagnosis

The doctor may advice you to take the following tests:

ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay): It is to detect antibodies against the bacterium

Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is used to check for Lyme arthritis or nervous system symptoms. It is performed on joint fluid or spinal fluid.

Treatment

Lyme disease can be best treated in the early stages.

Early treatment includes a course of oral antibiotics for a period of 14-21 days, after that special medication is to be used. Though the treatment will eliminate the infection, the symptoms improve overtime.

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