Do You Know What Lyme Disease Is? Know The Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment
This is the deadly disease Bella Hadid suffers from!
This disease is a common infection in India, affecting more than a million people per year
- Lyme disease is an infection caused by bacterium, Borrelia burgdorferi
- It takes 24-48 hours for a tick to transmit the infection
- The earliest symptoms of the disease include a "bull's eye" rash
A tick has to be present on the skin for 24 to 48 hours to transmit the infection, though not all ticks are infected by the bacterium.
The earliest symptoms of the disease include a "bull's eye" rash which means that the bacteria are multiplying in the body. This happens within the first two weeks after the bite. This area is generally not painful or itchy. The rash generally disappears after the first four weeks.
This stage can overlap with the early stage and generally occurs after the first two weeks of the \infection. This includes:
- enlarged lymph nodes
- sore throat
- vision changes
- muscle aches
It can also start affecting the joints, heart, and even the nervous system.
When the disease has spread fully throughout the body the symptoms may include:
- severe headaches
- arrhythmic heartbeat
- brain disorders
- short-term memory loss
- difficulty in concentrating
- mental fogginess
- problems following conversations
- numbness in the arms, legs, hands, or feet
The doctor may advice you to take the following tests:
ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay): It is to detect antibodies against the bacterium
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is used to check for Lyme arthritis or nervous system symptoms. It is performed on joint fluid or spinal fluid.
Lyme disease can be best treated in the early stages.
Early treatment includes a course of oral antibiotics for a period of 14-21 days, after that special medication is to be used. Though the treatment will eliminate the infection, the symptoms improve overtime.