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What are these drugs used for?

Q: My father-in-law is 75 years old. He is mildly obese, non-smoker and hypertensive. He had vertigo and he was hospitalised 3 years back. MR Angio revealed: Screening of the brain reveals confluent hyperintense areas involving both cerebellar hemispheres, vermis and right dorso-lateral aspect of medula oblongata. The finding is consistent with Infarctions. Impression: MR Angiography reveals Complete block of right posterior inferior cerebral artery; Atheroclerotic changes involving opecular and insular branches of middle cerebral arteries on either side. 2D Echo LV dysfunction (cyst + Dyst). More than mild MR Severe IVS and LV-RWMA at rest NO IV clots. He is taking Clopigrel 75: Aspirin 75 Cardivilol 6.250 twice; Ramipril 10; Losartan 25 mg; HCTZ 12.5; Simvastatin 10; Aminodorone 100; Monp sorbitrate 20; Minpipress XL 2.5. Few days back he had LVF and was hospitalised. Lanoxin and Dytor 10 mg were added over the above mentioned drugs. Now he is fine. I want to know about the drugs given to him.

A:The patient is taking quite a few medicines. The details are as follows: Clopigrel is the brand name of a medicine that contains clopidogrel, a blood thinning agent. It is also sold under the brand name of Noklot. Aspirin is a blood thinning agent. Carvedilol (Brand name: Carvil) is used to control blood pressure. Ramipril is also used to control blood pressure. Losartan (Brand name: Losacar) is used to control blood pressure. Minipress XL is the brand name of a medicine called prazosin. It is used to control blood pressure. HCTZ stand for hydrochlorthiazide. It is a diuretic that increases urine output and controls blood pressure. Since patient is taking both losartan and hctz, it is easier to give a combination of the two sold under the brand name of Losacar-H. Simvastatin reduces blood cholesterol. Amiodarone is used in heart beat abnormalities. Monosorbitrate is the brand name that contains a medicine called isosorbide-5-mononitrate. It is used in angina. Lanoxin is a brand name that contains a medicine called digoxin that is used in heart failure. Dytor is the brand name that contains a medicine called torasemide. It is a diuretic that increases urine output and is used in congestive heart failure and high blood pressure.

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