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How and when do a child’s speech, hearing and vision develop?

Written by : DoctorNDTV Team
Checked by : Dr N Ananthakrishnan
Head of Department of Surgery,
JIPMER, Pondicherry

In every child, the development of speech and language is an ongoing process, beginning at birth. The period from 0-5 years is recognized as important for all aspects of development in a child, including ‘hearing’ , ‘language’ and ‘speech’. The development of communication skill is essential for every child’s emotional, social and intellectual development. Although it may seem that babies just develop speech naturally, without trying to put in much effort, most parents are not even aware of how the process unfolds. “Learning to talk” must be taught by parents and adults. Without the right kind of help at the right, the child may learn the communication skill later, improperly, or not at all.

The baby’s first word is a major milestone in the parent’s lives. The ability to speak opens the door on a whole new way of relating to the world. Even before the baby can speak, she learns a great deal about the language. It is still not clear how speech develops in a child.

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