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What precautions should be taken if the GFR is below 40 ml?

Q: What should we do if the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is below 40 ml for a 53 years old patient with chronic kidney disease (CKD)?. I also have high blood pressure of 150/90 mmHg too. I have been taking Ketolog daily. Please advise.

A:40 ml of GFR means chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 3. Avoid routine pain killers called NSAIDS. Blood pressure needs to be kept below 130/80 mmHg. As for diet is concerned calories should be 35 kcal/kg body weight, proteins 0.7 gm/kg, salt 3 to 4 gm/day, depending on BP and swelling. Should stop smoking. Cholesterol and other lipids should be kept below targets.

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