There are number of treatment options available for OSA. The option most suitable to a patient is decided by considering the severity of your the problem and the specific cause of the problem. The goal of treatment is to keep the airway open even while sleeping, so that breathing is not obstructed. Keeping these things in consideration, some simple measures suggested to the people having mild OSA are:
- Avoid alcohol or sedatives at bedtime.
- Dental devices inserted into the mouth to keep the jaw forward at night. (Mandibular Advancement Appliance)
- Weight management
Apart from these other therapies include:Positional therapy:
Apnoea tends to be more severe if a person sleeps on the back (supine position). As in this position, the tongue falls back over the airway and obstructs the air passing through the lungs. Hence, not sleeping on the back may help mild apnoea patients. Some special kind of cushion and pillows are also available these days, which are specially designed to prevent the spine sleeping.Weight loss:
Sleep apnoea is related to one’s weight too. Excess fat around the neck can make the airway narrower and may increase the chances of obstruction. Losing weight can help treat sleep apnoea at least its mild form. It may also help reduce the severity of the apnoea. Avoid alcohol:
Avoid alcohol and medications that act as a central nervous system (CNS) depressant like painkillers or sedatives. They can worsen the sleep apnoea condition by relaxing the airway further or by reducing respiratory drive. Hence, it is important take into consideration that the medications you are taking should not affect your sleep apnoea. Oral Appliances:
These are also known as dental appliances. These instruments are intended to keep the airway open in one of the three ways. First, by pushing the lower jaw forward. The device for this purpose is known as mandibular advancement devise (MAD). Second, by using tongue-retaining device. It prevents the tongue from falling back and obstructing the airway. This device holds the tongue and does not let it fall back. The third way is by combining the first two mechanisms. All these oral mechanisms help with mild obstructive sleep apnoea and in the non-obese. But, these devices can be used in moderate and severe sleep apnoea cases as well.Surgery:
There are various surgical methods available to treat the problem. Surgery creates a more open airway, which is less likely to obstruct and it is also a kind of permanent solution to the problem of sleep apnoea. Each surgery type has different efficacy rates and at times, these surgeries worsen the sleep apnoea. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP):
The continuous positive airway pressure works by passing the pressurised air through the airway in a gentle way through but with high pressure. The amount of air passed through the airway should be sufficient to keep the airway and throat open. The pressure of the airway is set according to the need of the patient. However, it should be fixed at such point that it should eliminate the problem of apnoea. It is one of the most effective procedures to treat sleep apnoea. However, if the pressure of the air is kept low than the required one, the procedure will not prove effective.