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What is Osteopaenia and how can it be treated?

Q: I am a 43 years old male. My X-ray report reveals that I am suffering from Osteopaenia. What is the nature and treatment of this disease? Will calcium-rich food beneficial for me?

A:Osteopenia means lower than normal peak BMD . Bone mineral density is a measurement of the level of minerals in the bones, which indicates how dense and strong they are. If your BMD is low compared to normal peak BMD, you are said to have osteopenia. There are many things that help to prevent osteopenia and osteporosis: 1) Diet is very important to bone development. Calcium is the most critical mineral for bone mass. Your best sources of calcium are milk and other dairy products, green vegetables, and calcium-enriched products. Calcium supplement, often combined with vitamin D. Vitamin D helps your body absorb calcium and other minerals. It is found in eggs, salmon, sardines, swordfish, and some fish oils. In addition to what you take in from food, your body makes vitamin D in response to sunlight 2) Exercise is important in maintaining strong bones, because bone forms in response to stress. Weight Bearing exercises such as walking and hiking are all good choices 3) Quitting smoking and avoiding excessive use of alcohol and cola will also reduce your risk of bone loss

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