Q: Diet in diabetes About 6 months back I had high sugar levels and also my BP was on the higher side. But of late I have a controlled diet and I have also stopped sugar intake and i feel better, much better. however off late whenever I have breakfast, which no doubt used to be frugal, I used to develop a pain on my eyes and there used to be heaviness. So i resorted to a brunch... and I felt much better.Also I have reduced my meal intake from 3 to 2, I do not have any titbits or consume coffee or tea unneccessarily. On the contrary i have no craving for fastfood and oily food either.However i want to know what should be my diet chart and also the kind of routine I should follow. I weigh 80 kgs and i do brisk walking regularly. I also travel a lot and so my food routines really get very upset. What else should I do to make myself more healthy and keeping in mind that I a have a high blood sugar problem. my doctor has not presecribed any drugs for controlling my blood sugar...and yes I do not have any history of diabetics in the family.looking forward to your replythanking you.
A:Diet plays an important role in the treatment of diabetes. The diet may be used alone or in combination with insulin injections or oral hypoglycaemic drugs.The diet plan of an individual is based on height, weight, age, sex, physical activity and nature of diabetes. More of carbohydrate must be given as complex starches rather than simple sugars as they breakdown more slowly to release glucose in blood. The presence of fibre in complex carbohydrate like grains, vegetables and other starches slows the glucose absorption. One should emphasise more on the high fibre foods instead of high fibre supplements available in the market.Breakfast :Dalia porridge / milk / tea / coffeeBesan chila / vegetable pan cake / stuffed chapatti / sprouts chatApple / papaya / pear / water melonLunch :2 chapattiWhole moong dal / any dal preferably whole dalAny vegetable sabziCurd / vegetable raitaEvening tea :Tea / coffeeMarie biscuits/fruitDinner :Tomato or vegetable soup1 chapattiPaneer and vegetable subziSaladFruit custardTo remember- It is important to control the amount and time of food intake.- Meals should not be missed.- Try to substitute the craving for sweet by taking some fruit.Foods to be avoidedGlucose, sugar, honey, all sweets, chocolates and candies.Foods to be restrictedPotatoes, yam, arbi, sweet potatoes, mangoes, grapes, bananas, alcoholic beverages, fried foods, paranthas, poories, pakoras, mathris, deep fried foods, dry fruits, salad oils, cakes and pastries.Foods to be used freelyGreen leafy vegetables, tomatoes, cucumber. radish, soups, buttermilk, tea and coffee without sugar.