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What is the treatment?

Written by : DoctorNDTV Team

Treatment includes psychotherapy that allows the patient to talk about both present difficulties and past experiences in the presence of an empathetic, accepting and a non-judgemental therapist. The therapy needs to be structured, consistent and regular, with the patient encouraged to talk about his or her feelings. Sometimes medications such as anti-depressants or anti-psychotic medication are useful for certain patients or during certain times in the treatment of individual patients. Medications can help to level mood swings and to treat depression or other disorders, which may accompany this condition. Treatment of any alcohol or drug abuse problems is often mandatory if the therapy is to continue. Brief hospitalisation may sometimes be necessary during acutely stressful episodes or if suicide or other self-destructive behaviour threatens. Hospitalisation may provide a temporary removal from external stress. Outpatient treatment is usually difficult and long-term - sometimes over a number of years.

The goals of treatment include increasing self-awareness with greater impulse control and increased stability of relationships. A positive result would be in one's increased tolerance of anxiety. Therapy can help to alleviate psychotic or mood-disturbance symptoms and generally integrate the whole personality. With this increased awareness and capacity for self-observation and introspection, it is hoped the patient will be able to change the rigid patterns tragically set earlier in life and prevent the pattern from repeating itself in the next generational cycle.

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