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What is Nosebleed?

Written by : DoctorNDTV Team

Nosebleed or epistaxis is bleeding from the nose due to damage to the tiny and delicate blood vessels. Nosebleeds can affect all ages, but are twice as common in children as in adults.

There are two types of nosebleeds: anterior and posterior. Anterior nosebleeds are more common and occur from the tip of the septum, which is the central partition that divides the nasal cavity and the external nose into right and left halves. The blood vessels in the septum are fairly delicate and it does not require much force to rupture one and cause nosebleed. This form of nosebleed is not serious and is quite easy to control. Posterior nosebleeds occur very rarely, from the higher part of the septum or deeper in the nose, are harder to control and require medical attention.

Nosebleeds occur more frequently in winters when infections are common or in extreme hot conditions. Sometimes bleeding from the nose may occur in patients who have suffered a head injury. In these cases, prompt medical advice must be sought.

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