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Breast Cancer Awareness Month 2019: Dealing With The Deadly Disease; Here's Everything You Need To Know

Breast cancer symptoms: Early detection helps in better and effective treatment or breast cancer. October is marked as breast cancer awareness month. Here is everything you need to know about breast cancer.

Breast Cancer Awareness Month 2019: Dealing With The Deadly Disease; Here

Breast cancer causes: Do not ignore the symptoms of breast cancer

HIGHLIGHTS

  1. Brest cancer awareness month is observed in October
  2. Breast is affecting a huge population today
  3. Also get yourself treated after noticing any symptom

Breast Cancer Awareness month marked in October highlights the importance of timely diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer. According to research, one woman dies of breast cancer every 8 minutes in India. With this one statistic, you can understand that breast cancer has become the most common type of cancer found in women and is the second leading cause of their death after heart diseases. While cancer cannot be prevented, the deaths it causes can surely be reduced. Proper awareness of the symptoms and timely diagnosis can help in fighting and treating this illness. Here is everything you need to know about breast cancer. More awareness about the disease can help in preventing it and also help you reach timely treatment.

Breast cancer symptoms: What is breast cancer?


Breast cancer is a condition when a cluster or group of cancer cells is formed in the breast. This cluster is also known as malignant tumor. These cells can invade other body parts uncontrollably. Although both men and women can be affected by this condition, it is more common in women. Most breast cancer risks begin either in lobules which is a breast tissue made up of glands for milk production or in the ducts which connect the lobules to the nipples.

Also read: Breast Cancer Awareness Month 2019: Importance Of Early Detection And Awareness

What are the signs and symptoms of breast cancer?

Breast cancer may not always show any sign in its early stage. And whenever it does, following are the most common reported:

  1. A lump that feels different from rest of the breast.
  2. Discharge from nipple other than the breast milk may be a breast cancer symptom
  3. Rash on or around nipple
  4. Breast swelling
  5. Obvious asymmetry between two breasts
  6. Red and hot skin
  7. Pain or tenderness
  8. Growth of the vein over breast
  9. Pulling or puckering of the skin under the tumor
  10. Retraction of the skin on the breast
  11. Nipple retraction
  12. Destruction of the skin

Keep in mind that the symptom you notice may not necessarily be breast cancer symptoms but could also be the cause of another health issue. So, it is important for you to get it checked by a professional for correct diagnosis.

Also read: Breast Cancer Awareness Month 2019: Signs And Symptoms Of Breast Cancer Other Than A Lump

What are the risk factors of breast cancer?

A lot of factors can contribute to development of breast cancer in women. The common ones are:

1. Age- Women over the age of 50 are more prone to developing breast cancer. However, lately cases of breast cancer in younger women are also on a rise.

2. Family history- If you have a history of breast cancer in your family, then you need to be more alert about your health.

3. Clinical history- Risk of developing breast cancer is higher if you have previously suffered with benign cancer.

4. Late pregnancy- Women who have their first pregnancy late, usually after 35, are at risk.

5. Prolonged hormonal exposure- A long menstrual life or possibly use of hormone replacement therapy after the menopause expose women to an increased risk of developing breast cancer.

6. Lifestyle - Being overweight or obese after menopause, physical inactivity, a high fat diet and high alcohol consumption can play an important role in the development of breast cancer.

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Breast Cancer: Exercise regularly to reduce the risk of breast cancer
Photo Credit: iStock

How is breast cancer diagnosed?

Regular screenings can help in the early diagnosis of the cancer even before the symptoms appear. Or it can be identified when you get your symptoms tested. Most breast lumps turn out to be not-cancerous or benign which is not life threatening and they do not spread to other parts of the body. However, when cancer is suspected, microscopic analysis is necessary to correctly diagnose the disease, its type and stage.

Also read: Is Mammography Test To Spot Breast Cancer Necessary At All?

(With inputs for Dr. Deepak Parashar who is a Medical Officer at Healthians)

Disclaimer: The opinions expressed within this article are the personal opinions of the author. NDTV is not responsible for the accuracy, completeness, suitability, or validity of any information on this article. All information is provided on an as-is basis. The information, facts or opinions appearing in the article do not reflect the views of NDTV and NDTV does not assume any responsibility or liability for the same.

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