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What are the complications?

Written by : DoctorNDTV Team

Excessive pressure on the artery walls can damage the vital organs. The higher the blood pressure and the longer it goes uncontrolled, the greater the damage. Uncontrolled high blood pressure can lead to:

  1. Damage to arteries can result in hardening and thickening of the arteries (atherosclerosis), which can lead to a heart attack or other complications. An enlarged, bulging blood vessel (aneurysm) also is possible.
  2. Heart failure to pump blood against the higher pressure in the vessels, the heart muscle thickens. Eventually, the thickened muscle may have a hard time pumping enough blood to meet the body's needs, which can lead to heart failure.
  3. A blocked or ruptured blood vessel in the brain can lead to stroke.
  4. Weakened and narrowed blood vessels in the kidneys - his can prevent these organs from functioning normally.
  5. Thickened, narrowed or torn blood vessels in the eyes can result in vision loss.
  6. Metabolic syndrome - this syndrome is a cluster of disorders of the body's metabolism including elevated waist circumference, high triglycerides, low high-density lipoprotein (HDL), or ‘good,’ cholesterol, high blood pressure and high insulin levels. If you have high blood pressure, you're more likely to have other components of metabolic syndrome.
  7. Uncontrolled high blood pressure may also affect the ability to think, remember and learn. Cognitive impairment and dementia are more common in people who have high blood pressure.

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