ASK OUR EXPERTS

Choose Topic
Using 0 of 1024 Possible characters
Home »  Living Healthy »  World Thalassemia Day 2017: All You Should Know About Thalassemia

World Thalassemia Day 2017: All You Should Know About Thalassemia

India, considered to be the capital of thalassemia, sees some 10,000 children born with the condition every year. However, the disease is still overlooked when we talk about the burden of the disease in the country.

World Thalassemia Day 2017: All You Should Know About Thalassemia

Every year, May 8 is observed as World Thalassemia Day across the globe. The main goal of this day is to raise awareness about the disease and other fatal diseases. India, considered to be the capital of thalassemia, sees some 10,000 children born with the condition every year. However, the disease is still overlooked when we talk about the burden of the disease in the country. Of these, 50 percent die before the age of 20 due to poverty and lack of treatment. Reportedly, about four million Indians are thalassemia carriers and over 1, 00,000 patients.

What is thalassemia?

Thalassemia is a severe genetic blood disorder in which the red cells of the blood are abnormal and die fast leading to anaemia. Anemia is a condition in which your body doesn't have enough normal, healthy red blood cells. Thalassemia is inherited, meaning that at least one of your parents must be a carrier of the disease. It's caused by either a genetic mutation or a deletion of certain key gene fragments.

Thalassemia minor - is a less serious form of the disorder and is a carrier state in which one of a pair of chromosomes carries the affected gene. These individuals are essentially healthy and have a normal life span. They do not require blood transfusions, although they may be slightly anaemic especially during stress periods like pregnancy. These individuals are capable of passing the gene to the next generation.

Thalassemia major - is a serious disease in which the child is unable to maintain a satisfactory haemoglobin level. If left untreated the life span may be restricted to 3-5 years. The child requires frequent blood transfusions, which leads to accumulation of iron in the liver, heart and other organs.

Symptoms of thalassemia

Signs and symptoms of thalassemia depend on the type and can vary from none to severe. Some of the most common symptoms include:
  • Weakness
  • Fatigue
  • Bone deformities, especially in the face
  • Pale appearance or yellow skin
  • Slowth growth rates
  • Increased risk of infection
  • Iron overload
  • Heart problems


Treatment options

The treatment for thalassemia depends on the type and severity of the disorder involved. For instance, treatment for those with more severe form of the disease includes -
  • Blood transfusions
  • Bone marrow transplant
  • Medications and supplements - iron chelation (removal of excess iron from the body with special drugs)
  • Possible surgery to remove the spleen or gallbladder

    Thalassemia can be prevented by doing a carrier screening - all married women should be screened either before pregnancy or during early pregnancy. If they have thalassemia minor then their husbands must be checked. If both have thalassemia minor then prenatal testing must be done. If the fetus is affected by thalassemia major, the pregnancy may be terminated.

    blood thalassemia world thalassemia day 2017
    Was this Article Helpful Yes or No

................... Advertisement ...................

Q&A

ASK OUR EXPERTS

Using 0 of 1024 Possible characters
Choose Topic

Latest stories

Your Job Can Make You Vitamin D Deficient

Fri, 23 Jun 2017 17:06:46 IST
Deficiency in vitamin D can lead to various adverse health conditions such as metabolic disorders, psychiatric and cardiovascular disorders, and cancer.

Gigantic Egg Shaped Cyst Removed From A Woman's Brain

Fri, 23 Jun 2017 14:16:26 IST
In a rare and challenging brain surgery, doctors from Asian Institute of Medical sciences situated in Faridabad successfully removed an 'egg-shaped' foreign object from the brain of 41-year-old Shanti Devi.

Breastfeeding Can Save You From Deadly Heart Attacks And Stroke

Fri, 23 Jun 2017 15:22:08 IST
A recent study has shown that breastfeeding can lower the risk of acquiring heart related problems by 10 % and aids the body's metabolic process in re-setting the mother's body back to normalcy

Check Your Blood Group! You Could Be At Risk Of A Heart Disease

Fri, 23 Jun 2017 15:03:55 IST
According to researchers, some blood group types are at a higher risk of suffering from coronary heart disease.

Being A Father At an Old Age Can Be Advantageous

Fri, 23 Jun 2017 13:50:16 IST
This study published in Translational Psychiatry suggests that children who have older fathers may have certain advantages over their peers in educational and career settings.