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Is open heart surgery different from a bypass?

Tuesday, 09 October 2007
Answered by: Dr. O.P. Yadava
Consultant Cardiac Surgeon, CEO
National Heart Institute and Research Centre
New Delhi
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Q. What is the difference between an open heart surgery and a bypass surgery?

A.  Open Heart Surgery is any surgery in which heart is stopped and the body is supported on a heart lung machine. Open heart surgery can be used to perform bypass surgery or to change a valve of the heart or to close a hole in the heart. Bypass surgery is a surgery performed for blocked arteries and it can be performed by two techniques. First the heart can be stopped and body supported on a heart lung machine, in which case it becomes an open heart surgery or it may be performed on a beating heart, in which case, it is called beating heart bypass surgery.

A.  Open Heart Surgery is any surgery in which heart is stopped and the body is supported on a heart lung machine. Open heart surgery can be used to perform bypass surgery or to change a valve of the heart or to close a hole in the heart. Bypass surgery is a surgery performed for blocked arteries and it can be performed by two techniques. First the heart can be stopped and body supported on a heart lung machine, in which case it becomes an open heart surgery or it may be performed on a beating heart, in which case, it is called beating heart bypass surgery.

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